Creating a water-smart garden will help your plants cope with hot and dry periods and water restrictions. Passive design with plants can help reduce your heating and cooling bills, while also saving water and reducing your water bills as well. It will also provide habitat to encourage birds and insects into your garden.
Here is a complete guide for you to help you create your own water-smart garden:
- Understand your garden: The very first and major step is to understand your garden and any plants that are already there. Identify which types of plants grow well in which positions. Work out which areas are shaded as the soil here could be better at staying moist. Take a walk around your area and observe what plants are flourishing. Do some research and get information and advice. Talk to local gardeners and plant nurseries to learn about which plants thrive in your local area.
- Design your garden: Since most of the lawns require a lot of water. Thus, considering reducing your lawn area is a wise idea. Investigate drought-adapted grass varieties for lawns that will require less water. Think about minimizing paved areas or keep paving separate from plants that need moist soils. Hard surfaces, paving or concrete, can heat up and dry out nearby soils as well as cast off rather than absorb rainwater. Group plants that have similar watering requirements. This will help you to give your plants the correct amount of water at the right time.
- Improve your soil: Test your soil and consider improving it if needed. Different soils have different abilities to hold water which can affect plant health. Your local garden centres might provide advice or free soil testing to help you work out what kind of soil you have and how you can improve it.
- Choose your plants: Select plants that suit your particular soil and garden conditions. Find out what native plants occur naturally (indigenous plants) because they will already be suited to your local area. In case you are using plants from another country, then choose plants that are already adapted to limited water supplies.
- Create a water-wise lawn: If you want a grassy area, ask your nursery about the grasses that do well in low water conditions for your area. Also see if you can get a variety that doesn’t require much fertilizing. You can reduce the amount of water that your lawn needs by setting your mower to cut at four centimetres or higher. This will encourage a deeper root system. Consider a greywater system or a rainwater tank if you need to water your lawn.
- Mulch your garden: Mulching is a crucial part of a water-efficient garden. It helps to keep moisture in your soil and helps reduce weeds. There are lots of different types of mulch available such as leaves, grass clippings, tan bark, straw and wood chip. Some mulch breaks down faster in comparison to others and can be useful to improve your soil.
For more information, you can call on Thames Water Contact Number and get in touch with its dedicated team.